65 restrictions on arms in place on Dec. 15, 1791

I. Overview

II. Summary of Letter Codes

III. Pie Chart of the Letter Codes

IV. 65 Laws Restricting the Right to Keep and Bear Arms in Force at Dec. 15, 1791

V. 143 Arms Laws and 280 Letter Codes

VI. Summaries of the 143 Militia & Arms Laws and their 84 additional Sections of those laws

 

I. Overview

This overview shows the 65 restrictions on arms, with other related information, contained in 143 State militia and arms laws, and in 84 additional Sections of those laws (in 12 of the 14 states), in force at Dec. 15, 1791. In addition to the restrictions on arms, other related information is shown in several different formats.

The restrictions, and related information, are categorized by six Letter Codes from each of the 143 arms laws and the additional 84 Sections of those laws, and the U.S. Constitution.

Those Letter Codes are defined as follows:

M+A = militia/ military + arms; = militia/ military, no arms; = restrictions on the right to keep and use arms; = hunting; S = slaves; = individual right unconnected with militia/military.

Also please note that a law or section of a law may have multiple Letter Codes.

II. Summary of Letter Codes

This summary shows that of the 275 Letter Codes (275 from the States not counting 2 from the U.S. Constitution) found in the 143 State arms laws, and 84 Sections of those laws, there were 65 laws restricting the right to keep and bear arms. Those 65 restrictions are bolded in column “R” in the chart below.

The chart shows there were 65 legal restrictions on arms on Dec 15, 1791, in 12 of our 14 states, and two laws (the state Declarations of Rights of Vermont and Pennsylvania) giving individual rights to arms, unconnected with the militia or military.

This chart also shows that state restrictions on the individual use of arms were numerous and spread geographically throughout our new country when the Second Amendment was ratified.

Source [1] M+A M R H S I Totals
Militia / military + arms Militia / military restrictions on arms hunting slaves individual right unconnected with militia/military
1. Connecticut 10 5 1 0 0 0 16
2. Delaware 4 1 5 2 1 0 13
3. Georgia 12 3 8 5 6 0 34
4. Maryland 1 1 8 7 4 0 21
5. Massachusetts 10 5 4 0 0 0 19
6. New Hampshire 10 8 0 0 0 0 18
7. New Jersey 22 21 4 0 0 0 47
8. New York 6 2 8 1 0 0 17
9. North Carolina 13 4 9 2 1 0 29
10. Pennsylvania 5 0 12 1 0 1 19
11. Rhode Island 5 1 0 0 0 0 6
12. South Carolina 10 0 4 2 2 0 18
13. Vermont [2] 4 1 1 1 0 1 8
14. Virginia 8 0 1 0 1 0 10
State Subtotal 120 52 65 21 15 2 275
15. U.S. Constitution 0 2 0 0 0 0 2
Total count 120 54 65 21 15 2 277
Percentage

( #/total -)

43.32% 19.49% 23.47% 7.58% 5.42% .72% 100%

[1] U.S. and state Constitutions, Declarations of Rights, Bills of Rights, state and local laws.

[2] Vermont was not one of the original 13 colonies.

 

III. Pie Chart of the Letter Codes

 

V. 143 Arms Laws and 280 Letter Codes

 

 

VI. Summaries of the 143 Militia & Arms Laws and their 84 additional Sections of those laws