This overview shows the 65 restrictions on arms, with other related information, contained in 143 State militia and arms laws, and in 84 additional Sections of those laws (in 12 of the 14 states), in force at Dec. 15, 1791. In addition to the restrictions on arms, other related information is shown in several different formats.
The restrictions, and related information, are categorized by six Letter Codes from each of the 143 arms laws and the additional 84 Sections of those laws, and the U.S. Constitution.
Those Letter Codes are defined as follows:
M+A = militia/ military + arms; M = militia/ military, no arms; R = restrictions on the right to keep and use arms; H = hunting; S = slaves; I = individual right unconnected with militia/military.
Also please note that a law or section of a law may have multiple Letter Codes.
II. Summary of Letter Codes
This summary shows that of the 275 Letter Codes (275 from the States not counting 2 from the U.S. Constitution) found in the 143 State arms laws, and 84 Sections of those laws, there were 65 laws restricting the right to keep and bear arms. Those 65 restrictions are bolded in column “R” in the chart below.
The chart shows there were 65 legal restrictions on arms on Dec 15, 1791, in 12 of our 14 states, and two laws (the state Declarations of Rights of Vermont and Pennsylvania) giving individual rights to arms, unconnected with the militia or military.
This chart also shows that state restrictions on the individual use of arms were numerous and spread geographically throughout our new country when the Second Amendment was ratified.
|Militia / military + arms||Militia / military||restrictions on arms||hunting||slaves||individual right unconnected with militia/military|
|6. New Hampshire||10||8||0||0||0||0||18|
|7. New Jersey||22||21||4||0||0||0||47|
|8. New York||6||2||8||1||0||0||17|
|9. North Carolina||13||4||9||2||1||0||29|
|11. Rhode Island||5||1||0||0||0||0||6|
|12. South Carolina||10||0||4||2||2||0||18|
|13. Vermont ||4||1||1||1||0||1||8|
|15. U.S. Constitution||0||2||0||0||0||0||2|
( #/total -)
 U.S. and state Constitutions, Declarations of Rights, Bills of Rights, state and local laws.
 Vermont was not one of the original 13 colonies.
III. Pie Chart of the Letter Codes
V. 143 Arms Laws and 280 Letter Codes
VI. Summaries of the 143 Militia & Arms Laws and their 84 additional Sections of those laws